The Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) is a joint initiative of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the World Bank Group (the World Bank). It is a firm-level survey of a representative sample of an economy’s private sector whose objective is to gain an understanding of firms’ perception of the environment in which they operate. BEEPS covers a broad range of business environment topics including access to finance, corruption, infrastructure, crime, competition, and performance measures. Its findings can be used to help policy makers better understand how the businesses experience the business environment and identify, prioritize and implement reforms of policies and institutions that support efficient private economic activity.
The survey was first undertaken on behalf of the EBRD and the World Bank in 1999 – 2000, when it was administered to approximately 4,100 enterprises in 25 countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (including Turkey) to assess the environment for private enterprise and business development.
In the second round of BEEPS in 2002, the survey instrument was administered to almost 6,700 enterprises in 27 countries. In the third round of BEEPS, the survey included approximately 9,900 enterprises in 27 countries in 2005. In seven of the countries the survey included an additional sampling overlay of the manufacturing sector in addition to the main BEEPS sample. Furthermore, to set a benchmark for the transition countries, a survey of comparator countries was conducted in 2004-2005 in two rounds (Germany, Greece, Portugal, South Korea and Vietnam were covered in 2004 and Ireland and Spain in 2005).
In the fourth round of BEEPS in 2008-2009, the survey covered almost 12,000 enterprises in 29 countries (including Mongolia for the first time). The survey was restructured to improve cross-country comparability and to make it compatible with the Enterprise Surveys the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank has been implementing in other regions of the world since 2006. There were changes in the questionnaire and methodology.
The fifth round of BEEPS in 2011-2014 covered almost 16,000 enterprises in 30 countries, including 4,220 enterprises in 37 regions in Russia. The latest round includes an Innovation Module, covering product, process, organisational and marketing innovation, as well as management practices in manufacturing enterprises with at least 20 employees (50 employees in Russia).
The Joint WBG/EBRD/EIB MENA Enterprise Surveys (MENA ES), conducted in 2012-2014 in 9 countries, covered more than 6,500 enterprises in 9 countries, including almost 2,900 enterprises in Egypt. The MENA ES are comparable to BEEPS V and also include an Innovation Module.